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April 2020
April 2020
Page Count: 
982 (est)

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

Version 2.0 By: David W. Ball, John W. Hill, and Rhonda J. Scott
Homework system included

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Key Features:

  • Written for the two-term general, organic, and biological chemistry course.
  • Minimizes student math anxiety and increases learners' comprehension by:
    • Employing a clear and consistent problem-solving style for mathematical problems.
    • Emphasizing units of quantities and how they work out in algebraic treatments.
  • Each chapter is structured with helpful learning components:
    • “Learning Objectives” organized by section.
    • “Skill-Building Exercises” follow each example problem to help students immediately practice the skill they have learned while it is still fresh in their memories.
    • “Concept Review Exercises” focus on key ideas from the preceding section.
    • “Key Takeaways” at the end of every section echo and reinforce the preceding section’s “Learning Objectives.”
    • “Looking Closer” features expand on topics that are both relevant and appealing to learners.
    • “To Your Health” features describe how key topics relate directly to health issues.
    • “Career Focus” features present a healthcare occupation to provide students with exposure to various healthcare career paths.
    • “Chapter Summaries” highlight key concepts covered in the preceding chapter.
    • “Additional Exercises” at the end of every chapter provide multiple opportunities for additional practice and reinforcement of the chapter’s content.
  • Fully updated periodic table accounts for newest elements.
  • Refreshed illustration program enhances clarity and visual appeal. Chemical structures have been redrawn to conform with American Chemical Society style.

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry is written for the two-term general, organic, and biological chemistry (GOB) course sequence with a condensed version of the same book available for one-term courses. It is a comprehensive introduction written by three specialists in each area that comprises the subject. This book’s focus on accessible writing, useful pedagogical features, and addressing math anxiety make it an ideal introduction to core chemistry concepts in health and the life sciences.

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry is suitable for the introduction to GOB course, usually called General, Organic and Biological Chemistry; Chemistry for Allied Health; or Chemistry for Nurses. The GOB course generally enrolls nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and other allied health students. It can be offered in one or two terms at the undergraduate level at both two- and four-year colleges and universities. 


  • About the Authors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: What Is Chemistry?

  • 1.1 Some Basic Definitions
  • 1.2 Chemistry as a Science
  • 1.3 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 2: Measurements

  • 2.1 Expressing Numbers
  • 2.2 Expressing Units
  • 2.3 Significant Figures
  • 2.4 Converting Units
  • 2.5 Other Units: Temperature and Density
  • 2.6 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 3: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

  • 3.1 Atomic Theory
  • 3.2 Molecules and Chemical Nomenclature
  • 3.3 Masses of Atoms and Molecules
  • 3.4 Ions and Ionic Compounds
  • 3.5 Acids
  • 3.6 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 4: Chemical Reactions and Equations

  • 4.1 The Chemical Equation
  • 4.2 Types of Chemical Reactions: Single- and Double-Displacement Reactions
  • 4.3 Ionic Equations: A Closer Look
  • 4.4 Composition, Decomposition, and Combustion Reactions
  • 4.5 Neutralization Reactions
  • 4.6 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
  • 4.7 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 5: Stoichiometry and the Mole

  • 5.1 Stoichiometry
  • 5.2 The Mole
  • 5.3 The Mole in Chemical Reactions
  • 5.4 Mole-Mass and Mass-Mass Calculations
  • 5.5 Yields
  • 5.6 Limiting Reagents
  • 5.7 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 6: Gases

  • 6.1 Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • 6.2 Pressure
  • 6.3 Gas Laws
  • 6.4 Other Gas Laws
  • 6.5 The Ideal Gas Law and Some Applications
  • 6.6 Gas Mixtures
  • 6.7 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 7: Energy and Chemistry

  • 7.1 Energy
  • 7.2 Work and Heat
  • 7.3 Enthalpy and Chemical Reactions
  • 7.4 Stoichiometry Calculations Using Enthalpy
  • 7.5 Hess’s Law
  • 7.6 Formation Reactions
  • 7.7 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 8: Electronic Structure

  • 8.1 Light
  • 8.2 Quantum Numbers for Electrons
  • 8.3 Organization of Electrons in Atoms
  • 8.4 Electronic Structure and the Periodic Table
  • 8.5 Periodic Trends
  • 8.6 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 9: Chemical Bonds

  • 9.1 Lewis Electron Dot Diagrams
  • 9.2 Electron Transfer: Ionic Bonds
  • 9.3 Covalent Bonds
  • 9.4 Other Aspects of Covalent Bonds
  • 9.5 Violations of the Octet Rule
  • 9.6 Molecular Shapes
  • 9.7 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 10: Solids and Liquids

  • 10.1 Intermolecular Forces
  • 10.2 Phase Transitions: Melting, Boiling, and Subliming
  • 10.3 Properties of Liquids
  • 10.4 Solids
  • 10.5 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 11: Solutions

  • 11.1 Some Definitions
  • 11.2 Quantitative Units of Concentration
  • 11.3 Dilutions and Concentrations
  • 11.4 Concentrations as Conversion Factors
  • 11.5 Colligative Properties of Solutions
  • 11.6 Colligative Properties of Ionic Solutes
  • 11.7 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 12: Acids and Bases

  • 12.1 Arrhenius Acids and Bases
  • 12.2 Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases
  • 12.3 Acid-Base Titrations
  • 12.4 Strong vs. Weak Acids and Bases and Their Salts
  • 12.5 Autoionization of Water
  • 12.6 The pH Scale
  • 12.7 Buffers
  • 12.8 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 13: Chemical Equilibrium

  • 13.1 Chemical Equilibrium
  • 13.2 The Equilibrium Constant
  • 13.3 Shifting Equilibria: Le Chatelier’s Principle
  • 13.4 Calculating Equilibrium Constant Values
  • 13.5 Some Special Types of Equilibria
  • 13.6 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 14: Oxidation and Reduction

  • 14.1 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
  • 14.2 Balancing Redox Reactions
  • 14.3 Applications of Redox Reactions: Voltaic Cells
  • 14.4 Electrolysis
  • 14.5 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 15: Nuclear Chemistry

  • 15.1 Radioactivity
  • 15.2 Half-Life
  • 15.3 Units of Radioactivity
  • 15.4 Uses of Radioactive Isotopes
  • 15.5 Nuclear Energy
  • 15.6 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 16: Organic Chemistry: Alkanes and Halogenated Hydrocarbons

  • 16.1 Organic Chemistry
  • 16.2 Structures and Names of Alkanes
  • 16.3 Branched-Chain Alkanes
  • 16.4 Condensed Structural and Skeletal Formulas
  • 16.5 IUPAC Nomenclature
  • 16.6 Physical Properties of Alkanes
  • 16.7 Chemical Properties of Alkanes
  • 16.8 Halogenated Hydrocarbons
  • 16.9 Cycloalkanes
  • 16.10 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 17: Unsaturated and Aromatic Hydrocarbons

  • 17.1 Alkenes: Structures and Names
  • 17.2 Cis-Trans Isomers (Geometric Isomers)
  • 17.3 Physical Properties of Alkenes
  • 17.4 Chemical Properties of Alkenes
  • 17.5 Polymers
  • 17.6 Alkynes
  • 17.7 Aromatic Compounds: Benzene
  • 17.8 Structure and Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds
  • 17.9 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 18: Organic Compounds of Oxygen

  • 18.1 Organic Compounds with Functional Groups
  • 18.2 Alcohols: Nomenclature and Classification
  • 18.3 Physical Properties of Alcohols
  • 18.4 Reactions That Form Alcohols
  • 18.5 Reactions of Alcohols
  • 18.6 Glycols and Glycerol
  • 18.7 Phenols
  • 18.8 Ethers
  • 18.9 Aldehydes and Ketones: Structure and Names
  • 18.10 Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones
  • 18.11 Organic Sulfur Compounds
  • 18.12 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 19: Organic Acids and Bases and Some of Their Derivatives

  • 19.1 Functional Groups of the Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
  • 19.2 Carboxylic Acids: Structures and Names
  • 19.3 The Formation of Carboxylic Acids
  • 19.4 Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
  • 19.5 Chemical Properties of Carboxylic Acids: Ionization and Neutralization
  • 19.6 Esters: Structures and Names
  • 19.7 Physical Properties of Esters
  • 19.8 Preparation of Esters
  • 19.9 Hydrolysis of Esters
  • 19.10 Amines: Structures and Names
  • 19.11 Physical Properties of Amines
  • 19.12 Amines as Bases
  • 19.13 Amides: Structures and Names
  • 19.14 Physical Properties of Amides
  • 19.15 Chemical Properties of Amides: Hydrolysis
  • 19.16 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 20: Carbohydrates

  • 20.1 Carbohydrates
  • 20.2 Classes of Monosaccharides
  • 20.3 Important Hexoses
  • 20.4 Cyclic Structures of Monosaccharides
  • 20.5 Properties of Monosaccharides
  • 20.6 Disaccharides
  • 20.7 Polysaccharides
  • 20.8 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 21: Lipids

  • 21.1 Fatty Acids
  • 21.2 Fats and Oils
  • 21.3 Membranes and Membrane Lipids
  • 21.4 Steroids
  • 21.5 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 22: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes

  • 22.1 Properties of Amino Acids
  • 22.2 Reactions of Amino Acids
  • 22.3 Peptides
  • 22.4 Proteins
  • 22.5 Enzymes
  • 22.6 Enzyme Activity
  • 22.7 Enzyme Inhibition
  • 22.8 Enzyme Cofactors and Vitamins
  • 22.9 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 23: Nucleic Acids

  • 23.1 Nucleotides
  • 23.2 Nucleic Acid Structure
  • 23.3 Replication and Expression of Genetic Information
  • 23.4 Protein Synthesis and the Genetic Code
  • 23.5 Mutations and Genetic Diseases
  • 23.6 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Chapter 24: Energy Metabolism

  • 24.1 ATP—the Universal Energy Currency
  • 24.2 Stage I of Catabolism
  • 24.3 Overview of Stage II of Catabolism
  • 24.4 Stage III of Catabolism
  • 24.5 Stage II of Carbohydrate Catabolism
  • 24.6 Stage II of Lipid Catabolism
  • 24.7 Stage II of Protein Catabolism
  • 24.8 End-of-Chapter Material
  • Appendix A: Appendix: Periodic Table of the Elements

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    David ball

    David W. Ball Cleveland State University

    David Ball (Ph.D. Rice University) is Professor of Chemistry at Cleveland State University. His specialty is physical chemistry, which he teaches at the undergraduate and graduate levels. About 50 percent of his teaching is in general chemistry, including chemistry for non-science majors; general, organic, and biological chemistry; and general chemistry for science and engineering majors. In addition to several texts with FlatWorld, Professor Ball is also the author of two math review books for general and physical chemistry students, a physical chemistry textbook, and three books on spectroscopy. His publication list includes over 230 items, evenly distributed between research papers and articles of educational interest.
    John w hill

    John W. Hill University of Wisconsin - River Falls

    John W. Hill (Ph.D. University of Arkansas) was Professor Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls. An organic chemist, he had more than 50 publications in refereed journals, most of which have an educational bent. He authored or coauthored several introductory level chemistry textbooks, all of which went into multiple editions. He also presented over 60 papers at national conferences, many relating to science education. He received several awards for outstanding teaching and had long been active in the American Chemical Society, both at local and national levels. Dr. Hill passed away in August of 2017.
    Rhonda j. scott

    Rhonda J. Scott Southern Adventist University

    Rhonda J. Scott (Ph.D. University of California at Riverside) is Professor of Chemistry at Southern Adventist University. Her background is in enzyme and peptide chemistry. Previous to her experience at SAU, she taught at Loma Linda University and the University of Wisconsin at River Falls. In the past ten years, she has presented at national American Chemical Society meetings and other workshops and conferences. She has also been very active in the development of teaching materials, reviewing or contributing to other textbooks and test banks.

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